To boost the nutritional and functional quality of cookies, wheat flour was replaced with Calocybe indica powder (CIP) at different proportions (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%). The antioxidant activity was carried out by Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) Assay Method. Commercial production of Milky Mushroom ( Calocybe indica was published by on 2015-10-23. Mushrooms are well known for their nutritional and gastronomic values. The calorific values were found 304.5±0.28 k.cal g, These results were supported by many researchers, portions of plant tissues from the i, qualitatively analyzed and the results were presented in Tabl. Based on the HRIs values among the toxic metallic and metalloid elements, As in the target mushroom in the substrate of the wheat straw + pine cone is the main sources of risk, and it may cause severe health problems. Soc. A method for the cultivation of Pleurotus sajorcaju on a relatively large scale using cotton waste as substrate has been developed, and the mushroom so obtained has higher protein content than and comparable carbohydrate content to Agaricus bisporus, Volvariella volvacea, Lentinus edodes and Pleurotus ostreatus. Mu-shroom cultivation with horse gram supplementation and straw reduction method was found to have increased mushroom yield and high phytochemical constituents. GAE – Gallic acid equivalent; RE- Rutin equivalent. In Protein Denaturation Bioassay Method, the in vitro anti inflammatory effect of mushroom extract was evaluated against denaturation of egg albumin. Calocybe indica, commonly known as the milky white mushroom, is a species of edible mushroom native to India. The biological efficiency of Calocybe indica was doubled by using a combination of sand +soil +dried biogas spent slurry (BE 180.32%) or vermicompost (BE 176.28 %) as casing material. This has enabled exploitation of plants for the treatment of microbial infections and in the development of new antimicrobial agents. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your Use of dried biogas spent slurry alone also recorded 130 per cent biological efficiency but combination of sand + soil (BE 79.94 %) was inferior. The obtained values of the phytochemicals were significantly lower in both mushroom varieties compared to their toxic levels according to World Health Organization's stipulated safe limits. mushrooms are nutritionally valuable. 1973. International Journal Evidence-Based Complement. (ISSN: 1553-9873). They are found between May and August, which normally coincides with sufficient showers after a prolonged dry period. Br. nutritive value. Antiradical Activity and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power of Pleurotus pulmonarius , Pleurotus floridanus and Pleurotus sajor - caju Formulations Extracts in Vitro, Antioxidant activity of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida [Mont.] © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 20, Supplement 2, 2020 pp. The quantity and quality of the fruit bodies produced were measured using the following parameters: number of fruit bodies produced, height of fruit bodies, fresh weight, dry weight, diameter of pileus and, Pleurotus florida mushroom was cultivated by using Macrotyloma uniflorum (horse gram) as a nutrient supple-ment adopting the "layer spawning" method and the effect of straw size reduction on mushroom yield were stu-died. antiobese, antihypercholesterolemic, antioxidant, value were measured and the results were tabulated (Tabl. Materials and methods 2.1. Conclusion: Edible mushrooms Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica are having significant antioxidant activity, could serve as easily accessible natural food rich in antioxidant which may enhance the immune system against oxidative damage and may be utilized as the potential sources of therapeutic agents. All rights reserved. In this study, contamination with heavy and toxic metallic and metalloid elements in the cultivated mushroom of (Pleurotus florida (Mont.) Powder microscopic characters was studied. Calocybe indica. Mushrooms, being rich source of therapeutic and nutritional substances have received considerable attention for their antioxidant potential. This mushroom has a high potential to be produced economically on a large scale in Hong Kong. An edible mushroom, Calocybe indica was selected to validate its nutritional and medicinal properties. ... Mushrooms are now considered as potential therapeutics and preventive agents that may ensure the wellness of humans. International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. Nutritional and phytochemical analysis of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) were carriedout. The mushroom extract exhibited significant results for its inhibition of protein denaturation (69.30±4.98% at 1.0mg/ml); inhibition of proteinase activity (27.89±0.14% at 1.0mg/ml) in a dose-dependent manner and also antiinflammatory activity in, The concentrations of phytochemicals in two edible mushroom varieties (Auricularia polytricha and Pleurotus ostreatus) from Ohaukwu area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria, were determined using standard methods. © 2015, International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. acetate, petroleum ether and aqueous extracts. *denotes value on wet weight basis; **denotes values on dry weight basis. Nutritional and phytochemical analysis of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) were carriedout. means you agree to our use of cookies. Comparative nutritional value of all collected macrofungi is listed in Table 3. A compressive description of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C var. This study assess the potential of Calocybe indica (Milky mushroom) as bio-antagonist against microorganism serves as pollutants on Marikina River through Heterotrophic plate count (HPC). There are great concentrations of toxic metallic and metalloid elements such as lead, arsenic, mercury, cadmium or silver in many species of mushrooms comparative to other fruits and vegetables. In conclusion edible mushrooms can be excellent source of Micronutrients, Antioxidant components and Anti inflammatory components. Medicinal plants have recently received the attention of the pharmaceutical and scientific communities and various publications have documented the therapeutic value of natural compounds in a bid to validate claims of their biological activity. In this study, the nutritional values of dietary mushrooms- Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus sajorcaju, Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica that are very popular among the cultivated mushrooms in Bangladesh have been determined. Calocybe is a small genus of about 40 species of mushroom, including St. George's mushroom, which is edible, and milky mushroom, which is edible and is cultivated in India. Furthermore, they demonstrated that 60% (V/V) hydroethanol had a better yield than 100% ethanol. [Onuoha C.I., Obi-Adumanya G.A. Ethnobotany: Documentation of folklore medicine. Moisture, crude protein, carbohydrate, dietary fibre, total lipids, ash, ether extract, pH, nitrogen and carbon content in mushrooms were analysed. Only the five per cent sample was consistent with Some plants have shown the ability to overcome resistance in some organisms and this has led to researchers’ investigating their mechanisms of action and isolating active compounds. A compressive description of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C var. Mushrooms with their flavour, texture, nutritional value and with very high productivity level per unit area rightly have been The results showed that the concentrations of essential elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn) in the target mushroom are at the typical levels. antibacterial activity by cup plate agar diffusion method against human pathogens. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences. Key words: Calocybe indica, Fourier transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), UV Spectrometer, nutritional values. Significant variations in composition of the phytochemicals were, The Sclerotia of Pleurotus tuberregium (Sing) were grown on four different substrates namely: humus soil, mixture of Sawdust and humus soil, sawdust and shreds of the wood of Treculia africana. Mycol. 1 Plant Archives Vol. Formulated CIP cookies were characterized for nutritional, functional and sensorial properties, and compared with conventional cookies to evaluate the stated purpose. Traditionally eaten in West Bengal, it is being grown commercially in several Indian states and other tropical countries. Some plants have shown the ability to overcome resistance in some organisms and this has led to researchers' investigating their mechanisms of action and isolating active compounds. APK2) is provided in this review. Materials 2.1.1. Report and Opinion 2010;2(10):23-27]. control was cultivated on paddy ... respectively, from the value in the control sample. 1—Macrofungi picture a: Calocybe gambosa, b: Calocybe indica, c: Macrolepiota procera, d: Tuber aestivum Invitro anti inflammatory activity was studied using Human RBC Membrane (HRBC) Stabilisation Method and Protein Denaturation Bioassay Method. There are over 13,614,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on December 2, 2020. In this study, the nutritional values of dietary mushrooms- Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus sajorcaju, Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica that are very popular among the cultivated mushrooms in Bangladesh have … Protein content showed great variation in all tested mushroom. Nutritional value and biosafety of Dioscorea bulbifera L. (air potato) fermented with Pleurotus ostreatus and Calocybe indica Tolulope Bolaniran, Clement Olusola Ogidi and Bamidele Juliet Akinyele Received: 21 … There was no significant difference between the alkaloid, tannin, saponin and phenolic composition of the fruit bodies from the different substrates. Singer) is investigated. Antioxidative capacity was assessed by utilizing: DPPH stable free radicals; inhibition of linoleic acid oxidation and reducing power of components. Since tissue damage in hyperglycemia has been related to oxidative stress, we evaluated the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant status in the serum, liver and kidney since they are the target organs in diabetic complications. Results comparability is largely dependent on the techniques employed in the investigations and conclusive results can only be obtained if methods are standardized and universal. The phytochemical composition of the sclerotium and fruit bodies from the different substrates showed that the sclerotium had more flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins, saponins and phenols than the fruit bodies from the different substrates. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Singer were evaluated. Keywords: Calocybe indica cultivation, reeds, bioefficiency, nutritional parameters 1. To boost the nutritional and functional quality of cookies, wheat flour was replaced with Calocybe indica powder (CIP) at different proportions (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%). The result revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, oxalates, phytates, HCN and phenols in appreciable amounts. Thus, the study suggests that both mushroom varieties are nutrient rich; possess significant presence of aforesaid phytochemical compounds that can be explored for their medicinal properties. The chemical evaluation included qualitative evaluation like test for polysaccharide, test for mucilage, test for amino acid, test for proteins, test for saponins, test for alkaloids, test for tannins, test for flavanoids and quantitative evaluation like thin layer chromatography, column chromatography, IR analysis. Calocybe indica Purkay. In vitro and in vivo antiinflammatory activities of methanolic extract of white oyster mushroom Pleurotus florida (Mont.) This has enabled exploitation of plants for the treatment of microbial infections and in the development of new antimicrobial agents. Tocopherols, the main oilseeds natural antioxidants are very potent and when implemented into cell membranes are able to scavenge large number of free radicals. Aqueous, ethanolic and methanolic extracts showed positive results on pre-liminary phytochemical analysis and also strongly inhibited the growth of the Gram-positive and Gram negative bacterium whereas ethyl acetate and hexane extracts have low reaction in phytochemical analysis and low antimi-crobial activity. Evaluation of Substrate on Production of Calocybe indica. Plant origin food ingredients are the main source of very potent antioxidants. This requires rigorous research and it is therefore imperative to follow standard methods to authenticate claims of antimicrobial action. P. florida was cultivated on different substrates; wheat straw (as blank), wheat straw + pine cone, wheat straw + soybean straw and wheat straw + urea and the effects of these substrates on contamination levels of Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb were analyzed. In this study, we cultivated Calocybe indica (C. indica) on wheat straw basal substrate and analysed the influence of supplementation of nitrogenous tree leaves of Syzygium cumini (SCL), Bauhinia variegate (BVL) and Cassia fistula (CFL) on yield, nutritional composition, and antioxidant properties. Except moisture, Royse DJ. 1444-1446 e-ISSN:2581-6063 (online), ISSN:0972-5210 CULTURAL AND NUTRITIONAL FACTORS ON ENHANCING THE YIELD OF CALOCYBE INDICA (P&C) Darwin Christdhas Henry L.*, Sowmiya A., Sutha Raja Kumar R., Thamarai Selvi M. and Jaiganesh V.