There are a ton of great options such as hornwort or even one of the best floating plant species. Water movement should be moderate to strong in areas and calmer in other areas to feed and rest. The Convict Cichlid requires ample space to let off all of its energy. Lets say you have, or want to buy, a 55-gallon aquarium. The ideal diet for convict cichlids is a mix of pellets or flakes with live food options as well. There’s always a sweet spot you should aim for! For this reason the tank you place them in should be at least 30 gallons for a pair of Convicts. The first thing that you need todo is to buy an appropriate tank for housing your Cichlid. Convict cichlid prefers slow flow waters with rocky bottom. For a few extra bucks you can make your fish a lot more comfortable. It’s always smart to give your fish a close inspection from time to time. You should install filtration and aeration in a tank with juveniles and you should renew the water about twice a week. While they do spend a lot of their time in the middle of the tank, convict cichlids will often check out the substrate and even do some digging. Males grow to be roughly 6 inches long, as females grow to be roughly 4.5 inches in length. To stimulate the fish spawning raise tank water temperature up to 29 oC (84 °F) and renew ¼ of tank water with the fresh one. Older males frequently develop vestigial fatty lumps on their foreheads. His favorite aquariums are biotopes (Amazon River),  with Echinodorus and Angelfish. While a pair of convicts can live in a 20-gallon aquarium, it is technically not feasible to breed them in these size tank. If you are planning to keep a pair in your aquarium it should be at a minimum of 30 gallons. This is because these fish will periodically do a bit of digging and rooting around, and a coarse substrate will end up scratching them. Plants, rocks, and driftwood can help give all the tank inhabitants some element of privacy. The convict cichlid breeds so easily that the tank capacity and the quality of the water become quite irrelevant, although extremes should be avoided. This will ensure that they get the necessary variety and nutritional intake to stay healthy. Their anal fins begin at the midpoint of their body and stop at the beginning of the caudal peduncle. In other words, convicts can breed in almost any reasonably environment. This isn’t a demanding fish and it’s easy in care. We’ve addressed each of these diseases in separate guides, but they’re worth mentioning so you know to keep an eye out. Its relatively small size, along with ease of keeping and breeding, make the convict an ideal cichlid for beginners and advanced aquarists alike interested in observing pair bonds and brood care. Some buyers think they’re getting a different color convict cichlid when in fact it’s just the tank lighting playing tricks on them! Breeding convict cichlids is a breeze. The tank that you keepyour Cichlid will be their habitat while they grow up. The minimum tank size for a Convict Cichlid male and female is 30 gallons. It’s important to have a strong understanding of their diet if you want them to live as long as possible. Sergey is a founder and author of This should be all you need to get things started. This has led to some concern of overfishing/capturing, but so far the population hasn’t been impacted outside of normal levels of fluctuation. It’s desirable to keep this fish in large capacity tanks and some open spaces for the fish to swim. Amatitlania nigrofasciata) is one of the most spread and the least demanding cichlid fishes. Sometimes called Zebra Cichlid or Convict Cichlid, this fish has a pattern of black stripes on a grayish background and a greenish tint on the fins. If you fail to care for these fish properly and keep them in an unsuitable environment, it’s unlikely that they’ll reach eight years. Otherwise, buy a 40-gallon tank or bigger. However, this isn’t something to be worried about as long as you put them in the right environment. Our recommended minimum tank size for convict cichlids is 30 gallons. However, through the years he’s had experience of keeping almost all types of freshwater fish and shrimps. I've been researching Convict Cichlids non-stop for awhile now, and I'm very interested. It’s worth noting that makes tend to be larger than females, but you won’t be able to identify their gender until they’re adults. Breeding convicts is as simple as having a male and a female in the same tank with adequate water quality and feeding. This can be some flower pot, flat stone, coconut shell or a big sea shell. For aquarium hobbyists who are hoping to one day breed their convict cichlids, you should purchase a tank that is at least 50 gallons in volume. Its coloring intensity may vary. This fish is not a community fish. Smaller=friendlier? For example, if your convict cichlid has Ich you’ll see white spots on their body that will progressively get worse as the disease spreads. Territorial fish that are prone to aggression tend to behave significantly worse in small aquariums. Males get larger, but (for once) females have a brighter coloration. Similar to many other varieties of Cichlids, the Convict Cichlid is native to the streams of Central America. Tank Size: 20 gal (76L) for a pair of smaller fish, but 50 gal (189L) for adults; Convict cichlids get their name from the bands of black and white down their sides, mimicking stereotypical “jailbirds.” On the smaller side, they average 5-6 inches (13-15cm) at full size. These fish come from lakes and streams in this region with a moderate amount of current. Male is much larger than a female, its anal and dorsal fins are elongated. It’s better to keep the fish alone or with other Central America cichlid species in a very spacious tank. These fish fit right in with a lot of their cichlid relatives and are quite territorial and feisty. Setting up a tank for convict cichlids is pretty straightforward. Breeding convict cichlids is as easy as setting up a simple aquarium and successfully getting a breeding pair. Temperament: Aggressive. Author Note: This behavior isn’t constant by any means. How many convicts would work in a 20 gallon? Things like Ich or fin rot are both possibilities if these fish live in subpar conditions. While convict cichlids are definitely not an “expert-only” species, there are a few things you’ll need to be aware of as an owner (namely their potential for aggression). Water Hardness: 10°– 15°GH/DH. Spawning happens all the year round with some small breaks. Moreover, if you are interested in maintaining two breeding pairs, a … Including them will help your fish feel comfortable and give them places to hide and get their own space (this is also useful for managing aggression). Or sometimes it may be a big leave of a tank plant. Also Read: Bala Shark Care. As far as their general activity level goes, this species loves to move. Millie is a passionate aquarist who caught the fishkeeping bug in high school and has been addicted ever since. Their natural habitat has plenty of wood and rocks for them to use as a place to hide in between feeding. As far as other species go, here are some possible convict cichlid tank mates: Author Note: If you decide to put a male and female convict cichlid in your tank there’s a strong possibility that they will breed. The Convict Cichlid is probably ranked number 3 out of all cichlids as far as popularity goes, with Angelfish and Oscars being 1 and 2 respectively.. For example, the additional space needed for a canister filter. The fish is monogamic, it becomes reproductive at the age of 7-10 month. I look online for the minimum tank size, and it all says, "20 gallons is good....for a pair" I would like to know how many gallons is good for just one! Because convict cichlids are aggressive, you may be better off purchasing a tank of around 40 gallons or more in size. The Black Convict Cichlid (Archocentrus nigrofasciatus), also known as the Zebra Cichlid, is a freshwater fish native to the warm rivers of South America. It’s also a good idea to include some plants in the aquarium as well. The convict cichlid is a very hardy fish that can tolerate a wide range of water parameters. You might find that some plants you want to include are a bit too flimsy to handle any digging. This space should accommodate the cichlid tank but you may also need to think about the additional equipment needed. These fish usually have around eight of these bars, but this number can be slightly higher or lower depending on genetic components. When a spawn is in some nookery, its parents may show aggression to all trespassers (if spawning happened in a community tank). By minimum, we mean that you should only put them in such tank if you absolutely have to. Convict Cichlid Breeding Tank. It might be a change in behavior (like malaise or disinterest in eating) or something visible on their body. Some aquarists say you can get away with tanks as small as 20 gallons, but we disagree. As a sidenote, the bigger you choose, the better. Understanding the aggressive tendencies of the convict cichlid is essential if you want to provide them with good care. Quite often you may encounter pink convict cichlid – its body is pinkish and yellow, the eyes are dark colored. It’s desirable to keep this fish in large capacity tanks and some open spaces for the fish to swim. This is not a natural occurrence and is only sustainable due to the similar conditions that certain parts of the country offer. That’s why even in a spacious tank you should choose strong and proper sized tank mates (green terrors, jewel cichlids, firemouth cichlids, blue acara). I don't want to just leave one, it seems a little boring. One convict cichlid alone or a male and female combo are two common choices. Happy fish = healthy fish! In this guide, you’ll learn everything you need to know about convict cichlid care. Convict Cichlid Diet and Feeding. Fish body has about 8-9 vertical dark stripes on it, due to which the fish has got its name. Convict cichlids are omnivores and aren’t picky when it comes to finding food! All you need to achieve successful reproduction of convict cichlids is a breeding pair and a cycled, heated and filtered tank. Depending on what stage of like your Convict Cichlid is in will determine the size of tank you will need for them. Also remember, if you have a 40-gallon or smaller breeding pair of convicts you will most likely be unable to keep the convicts with any mates of the tank. They have the common name of "convict" because of the white and black contrasting patterns they sport. Once you understand their territorial and aggressive tendencies it actually becomes rather easy! If you have any questions or stories about convict cichlids that you’d like us to add to the guide let us know! Learn more. This is why trying to encourage breeding in a community tank is a terrible idea. It has a very interesting feature – how the couple takes care of its juveniles, a process which is rather exciting to observe. These fish usually spend most of their time near the middle of the tank. It’s worth noting that makes tend to be larger than females, but you won’t be able to identify their gender until they’re adults. This particular size tank is usually not sold at chain pet stores, so a specialty fish-only store may have to be contacted. Convict Cichlid are naturally omnivorous, they eat both meat and plant matter. This causes a neat visual effect when they swim and makes it quite fun to watch them. None of the coloring or stripes make their way onto this fin, unlike the dorsal fin. You should have no more than one inch of full-grown fish for every two gallons of water in your tank. He’s been fond of aquarium husbandry since his early childhood. Silver arowana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum), Convict cichlid, convict fish, tiger convict, sicklied fish, zebra convict. We would, however, recommend you keep the size of the tank larger than 40 gallons due to their aggressive nature. The average convict cichlid lifespan is roughly 8 to 10 years. When it comes to convict cichlid care there aren’t any diseases that go after this species specifically. Taking the time to look for these signs will help you nip anything unwanted in the bud before it becomes a larger problem. The next couple of sections will cover the basics of setting up a suitable habitat for them so they’ll be healthy and not tempted to rumble all the time. However, there are the cases when males become aggressive and they may eat all the juveniles. They actually look pretty much like African cichlids but with a different color and pattern. Convict cichlids get their name from the series of black vertical bars that run down their bodies. The Black Convict Cichlid is a beautifully marked cichlid. Convict cichlid likes warm water 26–29 °C (79–84 °F), it can live under various parameters of water acidity and hardness, however it’s pr… It will mostly be found in larger streams and rivers, sheltering itself near rocks and sunken branches. Finally, the weight of a Cichlid tank of this size should also be … Yet, all of the food is of high quality and it is the best one for this fish kind as well as it keeps the tank water clean. Convict Cichlid are very aggressive. The extra space will go a long way when it comes to keeping these fish happy. These fish are an absolute delight to own, and they’re definitely one of our favorite cichlids. When a species eats just about anything, this can trick inexperienced owners into thinking a subpar diet is acceptable. In small tanks it is recommended to keep a couple of cichlids. This isn’t something to agonize over, but if you can provide it we believe it will help keep them happy and stress-free. Due to their unique look and straightforward care requirements, it’s only natural that they’re a go-to option for many freshwater aquarists. The more you add, the higher the chance for territorial and aggression. Convict Cichlid Tropical Fish Learn all about the Convict Cichlid's feeding habits and food types, its behaviour, its origins, its natural habitats, is it male or female, breeding advice and information, suitable tank mates, its sizing and growth range, minimum tank size, water PH and more. Stay consistent and disciplined with what you’re feeding them, and always look to see if there’s any food that’s not being eaten. Parameters like water temperature, water quality, and tank size aren’t nearly as vital to this type of fishes as they are with many other aquarium species. Convict cichlid is omnivorous, i.e. To get good and healthy juveniles still it’s better to put them into a separate volume. This isn’t a fish that’s afraid to investigate different areas of the aquarium. Author Note: This will impact their lifespan and general health as well. Convict cichlid keeping is quite the same as for a classical cichlid species. Convict cichlids do best with a sandy substrate. Diet requirements, ideal tank mates, breeding tips, size, and growth rate are all covered in-depth. The advantage of this is it means you can keep them in smaller tanks than other species as well. Look at the normal range and take it up to the higher side of the spectrum (somewhere 80°F and 84°F). Even though these fish are hardy it’s smart to invest in an accurate testing kit to make sure you’re getting correct readings. The convict cichlid parents will flat-out attack any other fish that wanders too close! The coloration can vary based on age, gender, and type, but we’ll speak to the standard convict cichlid variation that most people know about. Their temperament is also why including hiding spots in their tank is so important. Purchasing from reputable sellers is an easy way to avoid this. It’s highly recommended to use rather powerful external filter since the fish likes digging tank bottom. It is aggressive and will attack any tank mates that aren’t another Convict Cichlid. There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. Convict cichlid likes warm water 26–29 °C (79–84 °F), it can live under various parameters of water acidity and hardness, however it’s preferable for tank water to have ph about 6.6–7.8 and hardness 6 — 8 dGH. Water: Freshwater. To avoid this male is taken back to the community tank and the female stays to look after their juveniles. The advantage of this is it means you can keep them in smaller tanks than other species as well. Some large grained bottom substrate, snags, roots, stones make the fish feel comfortable. Ideal tank mates for convict cichlids are robust fish of a similar size. When being just juveniles create stable couples. An interesting note is that this species can be found in Australia as well. Set the fish tank as per the comfort of your pet Cichlid by considering these suggestions: Tank Size. You may put some tank plants, but these should be some tolerant and strong kinds, since the fish often digs tank bottom substrate and moves it, so some small and tender plants may be dug out completely. fast-moving fish like Giant Danios may also be used as dither fish. By the end of the day all juveniles get together in their nookery. Convict Cichlid Tank Mates While the acclimatization of convict cichlids is probably the easiest, keeping them with other species of fish is hard. Convict Cichlid Breeding. 40 Gallon Breeder: If you're interested in keeping two breeding pairs of Convict cichlids, the 40 gallon breeder is the smallest you should go. These fish are rather small compared to other cichlid species. They are omnivorous fish, which means they can eat both plant and meat matter. Convict cichlids have average-sized ventral and pectoral fins that are fairly see-through. Male courtship process takes rather long time, once it’s finished the female lays the eggs in some place she likes. As a rule we don’t take the fish parents from the tank. Author Note: Keep an eye on how much food your fish are eating (especially early on in your ownership). As always, the best course of action is to not let your fish get sick at all. Convict cichlids have the classic cichlid body. At the same time this is definitely not the fish for beginners due to its quarrelsome temper and the habit of digging the tank bottom. Hi, I have a 20 gallon long with a 30 or 40 gallon filter (i don't remember, sorry). While you could get away with having a pair in a 30 Gal tank, it’s worth noting that any additions will require a larger tank. In particular the species thrives on the western coast of Honduras.Convicts are considered one of the easier varieties of Cichlids to keep due to their size; males grow to around 2.5 inches and females around 2 inches. There have been plenty of instances where these fish have exceeded this range, but that’s the average assuming proper care is given. In case you are interested in breeding them as well, then it would be best to buy a 50-gallon tank. This fish has black and white stripes on its body. These fish have a long dorsal fin that starts about a fourth of the way back from their mouth (this point is where their pectoral fins begin as well). In the wild convict cichlids are omnivores and eat a mix of insects and plant matter to get nutrition. Convict fish are in the shape of an oval. However, things get a bit trickier when you start thinking about planning how they’ll get along with other fish. With that being said, it’s important to know their ideal parameters backward and forward.
2020 convict cichlid tank size