The chemical of Bismuth reminds you with antimony and arsenic. Bismuth Oxide is found in certain medications. This is based on the number of localities entered for mineral species and is therefore slanted towards minerals interesting to collectors with less coverage of common rock-forming-minerals so it does not give an undistorted distribution of Bismuth mineral species. Later the name was shortened to wismuth, and then to bisemutum,before bismuth came into common use.  On reaction with base, it forms two series of oxyanions: BiOâ2, which is polymeric and forms linear chains, and BiO3â3. It is a pentavalent post-transition metal and one of the pnictogens with chemical properties resembling its lighter group 15 siblings arsenic and antimony.Elemental bismuth may occur naturally, although its sulfide and oxide form important commercial ores. Bismuth alloys, such as bismuth telluride, are also used for thermal electricity generation, as coolants for compact discs and semiconductors and in high-temperature superconductors. Its thermal conductivity is lower than any metal, except mercury. If precisely 100 grams of bismuth-209 had been present at the beginning of the universe 14 billion years ago, about 99.9999999 grams of it would … Bismuth metal is soluble and reacts with concentrated nitric acid. Chemistry Dictionary | Birth of the Elements | Tools | Periodic Table | Citing Chemicool | About | Privacy | Contact, A cube of bismuth sits between two bismuth plates. Bismuth was discovered in 1753 by French Chemist, Claude Francois Geoffroy. Interactive tools, including maps, epidemic curves and other charts and graphics, with downloadable data, allow users to track and explore the latest trends, numbers and statistics at global, regional and country levels. It is used as a transmetalating agent in the synthesis of alkaline-earth metal complexes: The only primordial isotope of bismuth, bismuth-209, was traditionally regarded as the heaviest stable isotope, but it had long been suspected to be unstable on theoretical grounds.  Bismuth expands 3.32% on solidification; therefore, it was long a component of low-melting typesetting alloys, where it compensated for the contraction of the other alloying components to form almost isostatic bismuth-lead eutectic alloys. As catalyst for the fluorination of arylboronic pinacol esters through a Bi(III)/Bi(V) catalytic cycle, mimicking transition metals in electrophilic fluorination. Later that century it was alloyed with lead to make cast type for printers and decorated caskets were being crafted in the metal. In 1984, the price began to climb as consumption increased worldwide, especially in the United States and Japan. Bismuth expands on freezing, and was long an important component of low-melting typesetting alloys which needed to expand to fill printing molds. Bismuth was among the first group of ten metals to be discovered and classified. Bismuth is similar to lead and tin, which caused confusion about the identity of this element throughout history. Bismuth also has a particularly low melting point, which enables it to form alloys important for many essential applications. The density difference between lead (11.32 g/cm3) and bismuth (9.78 g/cm3) is small enough that for many ballistics and weighting applications, bismuth can substitute for lead. Bismuth has the unusual property that (like water) it expands as it freezes. Bismuth is one of the original members of the Crystal Gems.  Bismuth is also used as an alloying agent in production of malleable irons and as a thermocouple material. It is used in alloys. At some point before the war ended, she created the Breaking Point and presented it to Rose, who disagreed with the weapon and Bismuth's intentions with it. , Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl, see figure at right) and bismuth oxynitrate (BiONO3) stoichiometrically appear as simple anionic salts of the bismuthyl(III) cation (BiO+) which commonly occurs in aqueous bismuth compounds. For online linking, please copy and paste one of the following: To cite this page in an academic document, please use the following MLA compliant citation: Thank You so much, I chose Bismuth for a science project and without this page I wouldn’t be able to have done it. Inappropriate content . Recycling bismuth from these uses is impractical. , Demand for bismuth was small prior to World War II and was pharmaceutical â bismuth compounds were used to treat such conditions as digestive disorders, sexually transmitted diseases and burns. Lead -bismuth eutectic (LBE) alloys containing 44.5% lead and 55.5% bismuth are used as the coolant in some nuclear reactors. All of these except BiF3 are hydrolyzed by water. BiI decomposes upon heating to the triiodide, BiI3, and elemental bismuth. In 2014 researchers discovered that sodium bismuthide can exist as a form of matter called a âthree-dimensional topological Dirac semi-metalâ (3DTDS) that possess 3D Dirac fermions in bulk. Still, the overwhelming majority of the Bismuth produced worldwide is as a byproduct of other elements.  Similarly, alloys containing comparable parts of bismuth and lead exhibit a very small change (on the order 0.01%) upon melting, solidification or aging. In 1955 the team began testing oxidants as direct oxidation catalysts. The chemical element bismuth is classed as an other metal. The shrinking on solidification in lead and the expansion of bismuth compensate each other and therefore lead and bismuth are often used in similar quantities. Abundance earth’s crust: 9 parts per billion by weight, 0.7 parts per billion by moles, Abundance solar system: 10 parts per billion by weight, 0.07 parts per billion by moles. Some manufacturers use bismuth as a substitute in equipment for potable water systems such as valves to meet "lead-free" mandates in the U.S. (began in 2014). Impurities can also be removed by various other methods for example with fluxes and treatments yielding high-purity bismuth metal (over 99% Bi). Bismuth compounds account for about half the production of bismuth. Bismuth was discovered in 1450 by Basilius Valentinus but the history of bismuth is very long and complicate. Bismuth is voiced by Uzo Aduba, an actress known for playing the character Suzanne "Crazy Eyes" Warren in Netflix's original series Orange Is the New Black. Her legs are noticeably shorter compared to her arms. There is a true monoiodide, BiI, which contains chains of Bi4I4 units. These alloys are used in automatic sprinkler systems for fires. As with arsenic and antimony, it is difficult to say who exactly discovered bismuth. Bismuth is an ingredient in some pharmaceuticals, although the use of some of these substances is declining..  Owing to its extraordinarily long half-life, for all presently known medical and industrial applications, bismuth can be treated as if it is stable and nonradioactive. Bismuth subsalicylate, sold as generic and under the brand name Pepto-Bismol, is an antacid elixir medication used to treat temporary discomforts of the stomach and gastrointestinal tract, such as nausea, heartburn, indigestion, upset stomach, and diarrhea.It is also commonly known as pink bismuth, but Pepto-Bismol has become a genericized trademark for the substance. It has a high electrical resistance, and has the highest Hall effect of any metal (that is, the greatest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field). Bismuth is a chemical element with the symbol Bi and atomic number 83. Minor amounts of bismuth metal were consumed in fusible alloys for fire sprinkler systems and fuse wire.  When deposited in sufficiently thin layers on a substrate, bismuth is a semiconductor, despite being a post-transition metal. Bismuth is a brittle, crystalline, post-transition metal with unusually low levels of electrical and thermal conductivity. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. It was also used to make bismuth bronze which was used in the Bronze Age. Bismuth has a large, bulky body type with broad shoulders and a strong, flat chest that is wider than her lower body. Unlike the lighter pnictogens nitrogen, phosphorus, and arsenic, but similar to antimony, bismuth does not form a stable hydride. If precisely 100 grams of bismuth-209 had been present at the beginning of the universe 14 billion years ago, about 99.9999999 grams of it would still be around today. It was first identified as an element in 1753 by Claude Geoffrey the Younger. 2 Answers. Bismuth forms trivalent and pentavalent compounds, the trivalent ones being more common.  It has a high electrical resistivity. Her head outlines the shape of the rest of her body, with a large jaw and noticeable cheeks similar to Steven. ) presumably due to the comparatively low solubility of bismuth salts. , The European Union's Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) for reduction of lead has broadened bismuth's use in electronics as a component of low-melting point solders, as a replacement for traditional tin-lead solders.
)Bismuth poisoning can occur and has according to some reports been common in relatively recent times.Bismuth's environmental impacts are not well known; it may be less likely to bioaccumulate than some other heavy metals, and this is an area of active research. The name bismuth came from the latinized version of the old German word, weissmuth, which means white mass/substance. Answer to: When was bismuth discovered? The free element is 86% as dense as lead. It forms the largest part (50%) of Rose's metal, a fusible alloy, which also contains 25â28% lead and 22â25% tin. Bismuth was long considered the element with the highest atomic mass that is stable, but in 2003 it was discovered to be extremely weakly radioactive: its only primordial isotope, bismuth-209, decays via alpha decay with a half-life more than a billion times the estimated age of the universe. However, in the case of BiOCl, the salt crystal forms in a structure of alternating plates of Bi, O, and Cl atoms, with each oxygen coordinating with four bismuth atoms in the adjacent plane. He also discovered that the universe was getting bigger over time proving Einstein’s initial theory right. Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl) is sometimes used in cosmetics, as a pigment in paint for eye shadows, hair sprays and nail polishes. Then the alloy is removed by submerging the part in boiling water. Bismuth is a chemical element with the symbol Bi and atomic number 83. Bismuth was discovered in 1450 by Basilius Valentinus but the history of bismuth is very long and complicate.  The New Latin bisemutium (due to Georgius Agricola, who Latinized many German mining and technical words) is from the German Wismuth, perhaps from weiÃe Masse, "white mass". 1735 Swedish chemist Georg Brandt discovers cobalt. The radioactivity is of academic interest because bismuth is one of a few elements whose radioactivity was suspected and theoretically predicted before being detected in the laboratory. Bismuth is a brittle metal with a white, silver-pink hue, often with an iridescent oxide tarnish showing many colors from yellow to blue. In the early 1990s, researchers began to evaluate bismuth as a nontoxic replacement for lead in various applications. Bismuth's day palette. Such alloys are used in high-precision casting, e.g. Bismuth metal has been known since ancient times, although it was often confused with lead and tin, which share some physical properties. The name bismuth was probably taken from two German words, weisse masse, meaning "white mass." If precisely 100 grams of 209Bi had been present at the beginning of the universe 14 billion years ago, 99.9999999 grams of it would still be around today. She has a periwinkle complexion, and she sports a single tattoo-like mar… It is hard and coarsely crystalline. Source: Commercially, bismuth is produced as a byproduct of refining copper, lead, tin, silver, gold, and zinc ores. It is one of the first 10 metals to have been discovered.   Native bismuth is known from Australia, Bolivia, and China. Bismuth is the most naturally diamagnetic element, and has one of the lowest values of thermal conductivity among metals. Bismuth is a crystalline, brittle, metal. At some point, before the war ended, she created the Breaking Point, a weapon specifically designed to shatter other Gems, and … The hopper shape of the Bismuth stone is due to its high growth rate on … Its sustainability is dependent on increased recycling, which is problematic.  Its toxicity is much lower than that of its neighbors in the periodic table, such as lead, antimony, and polonium. Bismuth was discovered in 1753 by French Chemist, Claude Francois Geoffroy. 1.3 History. However, around 1400 the element name is already present in some scientific treaties. Bismuth has a low melting point (271°C or 520°F), so it is easy to melt over high cooking heating. , The oxidation state +5 is less frequently encountered.  Sintering of bismuth and manganese powders at 300 Â°C produces a permanent magnet and magnetostrictive material, which is used in ultrasonic generators and receivers working in the 10â100 kHz range and in magnetic memory devices. Bismuth is a brittle, crystalline, post-transition metal with unusually low levels of electrical and thermal conductivity. Bismuth is hard, brittle, lustrous, and coarsely crystalline. 4.6 out of 5 stars 63. Bismuth can be found naturally on earth. Bismuth has always been produced mainly as a byproduct of lead refining, and thus the price usually reflected the cost of recovery and the balance between production and demand.  Bismuth's unusual propensity to expand as it solidifies is responsible for some of its uses, such as in casting of printing type.  When molten, at temperatures above 710 Â°C, this oxide corrodes any metal oxide, and even platinum. In the early 1990s, research began on the evaluation of bismuth as a nontoxic replacement for lead in ceramic glazes, fishing sinkers, food-processing equipment, free-machining brasses for plumbing applications, lubricating greases, and shot for waterfowl hunting. See the link below for details. Low-melting alloys, such as Bi-Cd-Pb-Sn alloy which melts at 70 Â°C, are also used in automotive and aviation industries.  Miners in the age of alchemy also gave bismuth the name tectum argenti, or "silver being made," in the sense of silver still in the process of being formed within the Earth. 1.2 Sources. Bismuth; Where Bismuth was discovered? No other metal is verified to be more naturally diamagnetic than bismuth. In 1753, French chemist Claude Geoffroy the Younger established that it was an element in its own right rather than a form of lead.  (Superdiamagnetism is a different physical phenomenon.) By the 1400s, people had begun to suspect that bismuth was a distinct chemical element, but it was not isolated until 1753. Bismuth has been known since the 15th century, so it's difficult to tell exactly when and how bismuth was originally discovered. It undergoes a 3.3 percent expansion when it solidifies from the molten state. Bismuth in uses where it is dispersed most widely include certain stomach medicines (bismuth subsalicylate), paints (bismuth vanadate), pearlescent cosmetics (bismuth oxychloride), and bismuth-containing bullets. The price for pure bismuth metal has been relatively stable through most of the 20th century, except for a spike in the 1970s. The anion in Li3BiO3 is actually a cubic octameric anion, Bi8O24â24, whereas the anion in Na3BiO3 is tetrameric. Let’s find out more interesting facts about Bismuth below: Facts about Bismuth 1: the natural element.  It is also produced by the combination of molten bismuth and sulfur. Several isotopes of bismuth with short half-lives occur within the radioactive disintegration chains of actinium, radium, and thorium, and more have been synthesized experimentally. For example, it can replace lead as a dense material in fishing sinkers. CountlessBooks&More Bismuth Crystal Stone Extra Large Specimen for Collecting,Wire Wrapping,Wicca and Reiki Crystal. , Bismuth is stable to both dry and moist air at ordinary temperatures. This was based on observation of the metals and their physical properties.  Bismuthides are intermetallic compounds between bismuth and other metals. Bismuth is the most diamagnetic of all metals (i.e., it exhibits the greatest opposition to being magnetized). The origin of the name comes from the German words Weisse Masse meaning white mass.  As with lead, bismuth poisoning can result in the formation of a black deposit on the gingiva, known as a bismuth line. It also dissolves in hydrochloric acid, but only with oxygen present.. Bismuth is a chemical element with the symbol Bi and atomic number 83. This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 01:28.  Its biological half-life for whole-body retention is reported to be 5 days but it can remain in the kidney for years in people treated with bismuth compounds. 1.3.1 Who Discovered… In an experiment designed by Jim Callahan and performed by Emily Ross, bismuth phosphomolybdate produced acrolein in yields of 40 percent or more. Discovered by: Claude François Geoffroy: Common Compounds: Bismuthine (BiH 3) Bismuth oxide (Bi 2 O 3) Bismuth subgallate (C 7 H 5 BiO 6) Bismuth subsalicylate (C 7 H 5 BiO 4) Bismuth telluride (Bi 2 Te 3) Interesting facts: It was known to the ancients. They are used in cosmetics, pigments, and a few pharmaceuticals, notably bismuth subsalicylate, used to treat diarrhea. Her hair is styled in several dreadlocks in a mixture of several bright tones, all held back by a lilac headband. Bismuth has one of the lowest levels of thermal conductivity. Bismuth, in a rage, attacked Ro… Bismuth travels in crude lead bullion (which can contain up to 10% bismuth) through several stages of refining, until it is removed by the Kroll-Betterton process which separates the impurities as slag, or the electrolytic Betts process. Before the end of the Rebellion, she and Rose had a conflict of interests, leading to them falling out. The phrase describes how the element appears in nature. What was originally thought to be bismuth(I) chloride, BiCl, turns out to be a complex compound consisting of Bi5+9 cations and BiCl2â5 and Bi2Cl2â8 anions. Bismuth crystals are a crystal form called rhombohedral.Bismuth has a surprisingly high electrical resistance, meaning it … , At ambient conditions bismuth shares the same layered structure as the metallic forms of arsenic and antimony, crystallizing in the rhombohedral lattice (Pearson symbol hR6, space group R3m No. Bismuth is a chemical element. Bismuth has been used in solders, a variety of other alloys, metallurgical additives, and medications and in atomic research. Bismuth is a brittle metal, so it is usually mixed with other metals to make it useful It is used in extinguishers, electric fuses, and fire detectors. Bismuth is a chemical element.It is element 83 on the periodic table and its symbol is Bi.Its atomic mass is 209. It is a hard, brittle, steel-grey metal with a pink tint. The pictures taken by the hubble telescope are the ones that really inspire me to learn about science so although he might not have been the first to discover space outside of our planet he was the first to show us how big space really is. Other options New from $29.95. Many of its chemical properties are similar to those of arsenic and antimony, although they are less toxic than derivatives of those lighter elements. Color Palettes Current. Share the link to this question. Four other elements expand when they freeze: silicon, gallium, antimony and germanium. , Commercially, the radioactive isotope bismuth-213 can be produced by bombarding radium with bremsstrahlung photons from a linear particle accelerator. It was discovered in 1753 by prominent French chemist Claude Francois Geoffroy. After encouragement from Rose, however, she fought in the Rebellion alongside the Crystal Gems.  Its low toxicity will be especially important for solders to be used in food processing equipment and copper water pipes, although it can also be used in other applications including those in the automobile industry, in the European Union, for example. (1). It was first identified as an element in 1753 by Claude Geoffrey the Younger. Look on Wikipedia. A monobromide of the same structure also exists.  The Bi5+9 cation has a distorted tricapped trigonal prismatic molecular geometry, and is also found in Bi10Hf3Cl18, which is prepared by reducing a mixture of hafnium(IV) chloride and bismuth chloride with elemental bismuth, having the structure [Bi+] [Bi5+9] [HfCl2â6]3. Found in Minerals, Mining, Ores of Minerals. Bismuth is an interesting yet fairly rare element in rocks on Earth. So although bismuth had been discussed many times before, Claude Geoffroy the Younger showed it to be distinct from lead in 1753.  At pH > 0 polynuclear species exist, the most important of which is believed to be the octahedral complex [Bi6O4(OH)4]6+. Bismuth crystals grow in an odd, staircase-shaped formation due to a greater growth rate on its outside edges than on the inside. Show more, including: Heats, Energies, Oxidation, Reactions. Who discovered Bismuth? Bismuth, the most metallic and the least abundant of the elements in the nitrogen group (Group 15 [Va] of the periodic table). Bismuth is the most diamagnetic of all metals, and the thermal conductivity is lower than any metal except mercury.It has a high electrical resistance, and has the highest Hall effect of any metal (that is, the greatest increase in electrical resistance when placed in a magnetic field). Before deforming a thin-walled metal part, it is filled with a melt or covered with a thin layer of the alloy to reduce the chance of breaking. Bismuth: history and industry development; History; Bismuth, which has been known since ancient times, was often confused with lead and tin. :50 Other polyatomic bismuth cations are also known, such as Bi2+8, found in Bi8(AlCl4)2. It is a pentavalent post-transition metal and one of the pnictogens with chemical properties resembling its lighter group 15 siblings arsenic and antimony. Bismuth has few commercial applications, and those applications that use it generally require small quantities relative to other raw materials. Relevance.  Poisoning may be treated with dimercaprol; however, evidence for benefit is unclear. Pre-a.d. 1600: The elements arsenic, antimony, bismuth, and zinc are known to humans. Only 3 left in stock - order soon. See the link below for details. It has been used as a replacement for lead in shot, bullets and less-lethal riot gun ammunition. Overexposure to bismuth can lead to the formation of a black deposit on the gingiva (this is known as a bismuth … , This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Brown, R. D., Jr. "Annual Average Bismuth Price", USGS (1998), Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive, "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)", "Bismuth breaks half-life record for alpha decay", "The Theory of the Galvomagnetic Effects in Bismuth", "The NUBASE2016 evaluation of nuclear properties", "3D counterpart to graphene discovered [UPDATE]", "Hydrated metal ions in aqueous solution: How regular are their structures? Discovered by: Claude François Geoffroy: Common Compounds: Bismuthine (BiH 3) Bismuth oxide (Bi 2 O 3) Bismuth subgallate (C 7 H 5 BiO 6) Bismuth subsalicylate (C 7 H 5 BiO 4) Bismuth telluride (Bi 2 Te 3) Interesting facts: It was known to the ancients. Bismuth salts, including ranitidine bismuth citrate, colloidal bismuth subcitrate, and bismuth subnitrate appear to be safe when taken in doses of 400-2100 mg daily for up to 56 days. The most important ores of bismuth are bismuthinite and bismite. Bismuth-213 is also found on the decay chain of neptunium-237 and uranium-233. The corresponding transitions can be monitored via changes in electrical conductivity; they are rather reproducible and abrupt, and are therefore used for calibration of high-pressure equipment. It was used as a cosmetic in ancient Egypt and in many places since. Bismuth's bubbled gemstone made an appearance in "Lion 3: Straight to Video" when Steven first discovered Lion's Dimension. Bismuth's palette while standing in front of Spinel's Injector. , Bismuth(III) chloride reacts with hydrogen chloride in ether solution to produce the acid HBiCl4. In oxidation state +3, bismuth forms trihalides with all of the halogens: BiF3, BiCl3, BiBr3, and BiI3. 1 decade ago.  Elemental bismuth is denser in the liquid phase than the solid, a characteristic it shares with germanium, silicon, gallium and water. Who discovered bismuth? Bismuth appears in the 1660s, from obsolete German Bismuth, Wismut, Wissmuth (early 16th century); perhaps related to Old High German hwiz ("white"). 96. , The dark red bismuth(V) oxide, Bi2O5, is unstable, liberating O2 gas upon heating. Bismuth was originally a builder for Homeworld, assigned to help construct the colony on Earth. Who discovered Bismuth? The "Bismol" aspect of the medication derives from Bismuth. As a chemical element Bismuth was officially discovered in 1753 by French scientist Claude Geoffroy. Bi-citrate is used in Hair Coloring Dyes. It has a silvery white color and was often mistaken for lead or tin before its discovery. (Another less expensive but also more poorly performing alternative is "steel" shot, which is actually soft iron.) Elemental bismuth may occur naturally, although its sulfide and oxide form important commercial ores. The name bismuth came from the latinized version of the old German word, weissmuth, which means white mass/substance. The Netherlands, Denmark, England, Wales, the United States, and many other countries now prohibit the use of lead shot for the hunting of wetland birds, as many birds are prone to lead poisoning owing to mistaken ingestion of lead (instead of small stones and grit) to aid digestion, or even prohibit the use of lead for all hunting, such as in the Netherlands.  When compressed at room temperature, this Bi-I structure changes first to the monoclinic Bi-II at 2.55 GPa, then to the tetragonal Bi-III at 2.7 GPa, and finally to the body-centered cubic Bi-V at 7.7 GPa. When red-hot, it reacts with water to make bismuth(III) oxide. Bismuth chloride oxide BiClO gives a pearly texture to cosmetics. By reacting the molten mixture with chlorine gas the metals are converted to their chlorides while bismuth remains unchanged. Her hair is styled in several dreadlocks in a mixture of several bright tones, all held back by a lilac headband. The free element is 86% as dense as lead. Bismuth expands on freezing, and was long an important component of low-melting typesetting alloys which needed to expand to fill printing molds. She made the weapons used by the Crystal Gems during the Rebellion and also took part in the fighting herself. This element is included as pentavalent post-transition metal. , Bismuth sulfide, Bi2S3, occurs naturally in bismuth ores. The 83rd element of the periodic table, Bismuth forms the convoluted structure with the beautiful hues. Certain bismuth compounds are also manufactured and used as pharmaceuticals.  Bismuth has the longest known alpha decay half-life, although tellurium-128 has a double beta decay half-life of over 2.2Ã1024 years. Of any metal, it has one of the lowest values of thermal conductivity (after manganese, and maybe neptunium and plutonium) and the highest Hall coefficient. The first person to show that it was different from these two elements was Claude François Geoffroy in … It is also a strong fluoride acceptor, reacting with xenon tetrafluoride to form the XeF+3 cation:, In aqueous solution, the Bi3+ ion is solvated to form the aqua ion Bi(H2O)3+8 in strongly acidic conditions. Pure bismuth is a white, crystal-like, brittle metal with a pinkish or yellowish tinge.It also forms crystals when heated and then cooled, which look like the image below.  The raw bismuth metal from both processes contains still considerable amounts of other metals, foremost lead. During World War II bismuth was considered a strategic material, used for solders, fusible alloys, medications and atomic research. Bismuth has a large, bulky body type with broad shoulders and a strong, flat chest that is wider than her lower body. In early times bismuth was confused with tin and lead. 8 September 2017 . Share Flag Flagged. I want to flag this question because: Spam . Bismuth is hard, brittle, lustrous, and coarsely crystalline. Bismuth - Bismuth - Properties and reactions: Bismuth is a rather brittle metal with a somewhat pinkish, silvery metallic lustre.  , Beginning with Johann Heinrich Pott in 1738, Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Torbern Olof Bergman, the distinctness of lead and bismuth became clear, and Claude FranÃ§ois Geoffroy demonstrated in 1753 that this metal is distinct from lead and tin. Bismuth was discovered by an unknown alchemist around 1400 AD. Bismuth does occur free in nature and in such minerals as bismuthinite (Bi 2 S 3) and bismite (Bi 2 O 3). French chemist Claude Geoffroy the Younger was the first to prove that bismuth was distinct from lead in 1753.The word \"bismuth\" is a Latinized version of an Old German word, \"weissmuth\" or \"white substance,\" possibly named after the element's white oxide, according to Chemicool.