Sir Thomas More wrote Utopia in 1516, describing a perfect political and social system on an imaginary island. They spread the propaganda, posters and graphics to show that Utopian literature is generally about exploring real problems facing our world and making political, philosophical, or moral points through storytelling. This is a list of 15 failed Utopias from history. Examples of Utopia However, very few fictional utopias are true utopias. Real utopian sociology is a sociology and type of emancipatory social science created and practiced by Erik Olin Wright.The seemingly contradictory term is literal, as the goal of real utopian sociology is finding utopian projects in the world as it exists and systematically evaluating their potential to replace systems of domination, particularly capitalism. Here are some of the most influential Utopian visions — and how they changed our distinctly non-Utopian world. AP Images. The Jetsons can't exist without a world utterly wrecked by industrial pollution. Not all utopias are set far in the future; in fact, the bucolic – and fake – world in which unwitting TV star Truman Burbank (Jim Carrey) lives could be set in 1998 or even today. Real Utopias explores the contradictory movement as a starting point of all utopian impulses, which is the possibility and impossibility of a new relationship to the world. And there have been dozens of attempts to create Utopian communities in history. To my knowledge, they have all failed. (Economists will tell you that it is also the reason they do not work in the real world.) When you give mice everything they want- food, water, and perfect comfort- they turn into psychotic murderers or apathetic wrecks. A real life dystopia is Nazi Germany, lasting from 1933 to 1945 during the time of World War II. All of them are interesting, especially those from the 19th century. The reason utopias do not need economics is they assume away the problem of scarcity. From the colonial era on, the United States has had a rich array of self-contained utopian communities, walled off from the mainstream of life and dedicated to pursuing various notions of individual and collective perfection. And guess who wrote the screenplay? Almost all of them are revealed to be the opposite of utopia—dystopia—during the course of the story. II. With chins raised almost as high as … Adolf Hitler and his Nazis took over Germany and searched for every Jew they could find, with the intent to execute them. The many utopias designed by reformers, dreamers, and idealists have two things in common: they have no room for economics and they do not work in the real world. Utopias. Every once in a while, a proud little community will sprout up just to let the world know how Utopia should be run. The 19th-century utopian sects can trace their roots back to … Leaving pure contemplation behind, utopia therefore becomes a driving force that pushes us to action and confrontation with reality in order to imagine new paths. Some of these Utopian communities lasted several decades before collapsing, and some lasted less than a week! This book popularized the modern definition of "Utopia" as being any place or situation of ideal perfection. Even utopian cartoons aren't as happy as they seem. That's right: Andrew Niccol. And if you're up for a truly horrifying glimpse at Utopia- read about Universe 25.